0x00 准备工作

一个全新安装的ubuntu13.10系统

0×01 下载Mono源代码并编译

[email protected]:~$ ls
Desktop Downloads Music Public Videos
Documents examples.desktop Pictures Templates
[email protected]:~$ mkdir src
[email protected]:~$ cd src
[email protected]:~/src$ wget http://download.mono-project.com/sources/mono/mono-3.2.8.tar.bz2
--2014-03-27 21:24:30-- http://download.mono-project.com/sources/mono/mono-3.2.8.tar.bz2
Resolving download.mono-project.com (download.mono-project.com)... 54.240.168.102, 54.230.156.158, 54.230.157.116, ...
Connecting to download.mono-project.com (download.mono-project.com)|54.240.168.102|:80... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 77515552 (74M) [application/x-bzip2]
Saving to: ‘mono-3.2.8.tar.bz2’

100%[======================================>] 77,515,552 189K/s in 10m 50s

[email protected]:~/src$ ls
mono-3.2.8.tar.bz2
[email protected]:~/src$ tar -xjf mono-3.2.8.tar.bz2
[email protected]:~/src$ cd mono-3.2.8/
[email protected]:~/src/mono-3.2.8$ ./configure --prefix=/opt/mono-3.2.8
checking build system type... i686-pc-linux-gnu
checking host system type... i686-pc-linux-gnu
checking target system type... i686-pc-linux-gnu
checking for a BSD-compatible install... /usr/bin/install -c
checking whether build environment is sane... yes
checking for a thread-safe mkdir -p... /bin/mkdir -p
checking for gawk... no
checking for mawk... mawk
checking whether make sets $(MAKE)... yes
checking how to create a ustar tar archive... gnutar
checking whether to enable maintainer-specific portions of Makefiles... no
checking whether ln -s works... yes
checking whether make supports nested variables... yes
checking host platform characteristics... ok
checking for gcc... gcc
checking for gcc... (cached) gcc
checking whether the C compiler works... yes
checking for C compiler default output file name... a.out
checking for suffix of executables...
checking whether we are cross compiling... no
checking for suffix of object files... o
checking whether we are using the GNU C compiler... yes
checking whether gcc accepts -g... yes
checking for gcc option to accept ISO C89... none needed
checking for style of include used by make... GNU
checking dependency style of gcc... gcc3
checking for g++... no
checking whether we are using the GNU C++ compiler... no
checking whether g++ accepts -g... no
checking dependency style of g++... none
checking dependency style of gcc... gcc3
checking for gawk... (cached) mawk
checking whether gcc and cc understand -c and -o together... yes
configure: error: You need to install g++

因为没有安装g++而无法继续:

[email protected]:~/src/mono-3.2.8$ sudo apt-get install g++
[sudo] password for nike:
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
The following extra packages will be installed:
cpp-4.8 g++-4.8 gcc-4.8 gcc-4.8-base libasan0 libatomic1 libgcc-4.8-dev
libgcc1 libgomp1 libitm1 libquadmath0 libstdc++-4.8-dev libstdc++6
Suggested packages:
gcc-4.8-locales g++-multilib g++-4.8-multilib gcc-4.8-doc libstdc++6-4.8-dbg
gcc-4.8-multilib libmudflap0-4.8-dev libgcc1-dbg libgomp1-dbg libitm1-dbg
libatomic1-dbg libasan0-dbg libtsan0-dbg libbacktrace1-dbg libquadmath0-dbg
libmudflap0-dbg libstdc++-4.8-doc
The following NEW packages will be installed:
g++ g++-4.8 libstdc++-4.8-dev
The following packages will be upgraded:
cpp-4.8 gcc-4.8 gcc-4.8-base libasan0 libatomic1 libgcc-4.8-dev libgcc1
libgomp1 libitm1 libquadmath0 libstdc++6
11 upgraded, 3 newly installed, 0 to remove and 275 not upgraded.
Need to get 25.9 MB of archives.
After this operation, 28.2 MB of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue [Y/n]?
==============>省略了很多<==============

重新初始化mono安装配置文件:

[email protected]:~/src/mono-3.2.8$ ./configure --prefix=/opt/mono-3.2.8
==============>省略了很多<==============
Engine:
GC: sgen and bundled Boehm GC with typed GC and parallel mark
TLS: __thread
SIGALTSTACK: yes
Engine: Building and using the JIT
oprofile: no
BigArrays: no
DTrace: no
LLVM Back End: no (dynamically loaded: no)
 
Libraries:
.NET 2.0/3.5: yes
.NET 4.0: yes
.NET 4.5: yes
MonoDroid: no
MonoTouch: no
JNI support: IKVM Native
libgdiplus: assumed to be installed
zlib:
[email protected]:~/src/mono-3.2.8$

./configure通过。

0×02 编译Mono源代码

[email protected]:~/src/mono-3.2.8$ make
==============>漫长的编译~<==============
[email protected]:~/src/mono-3.2.8$ sudo make install
==============>省略了很多<==============

安装成功。

##0×03设置PATH环境变量

[email protected]:~/src/mono-3.2.8$ cd ~
[email protected]:~$ vim .bashrc

在该文件末尾追加以下语句:

if [ -d /opt/mono-3.2.8/bin ]; then
export PATH=/opt/mono-3.2.8/bin:$PATH
fi

然后:

[email protected]:~$ . .bashrc
[email protected]:~$ echo $PATH
/opt/mono-3.2.8/bin:/usr/lib/lightdm/lightdm:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/games:/usr/local/games
[email protected]:~$

0×04 验证Mono是否安装正确

[email protected]:~$ mono --version
Mono JIT compiler version 3.2.8 (tarball 2014年 03月 27日 星期四 21:55:30 CST)
Copyright (C) 2002-2014 Novell, Inc, Xamarin Inc and Contributors. www.mono-project.com
TLS: __thread
SIGSEGV: altstack
Notifications: epoll
Architecture: x86
Disabled: none
Misc: softdebug
LLVM: supported, not enabled.
GC: sgen
[email protected]:~$ dmcs --version
Mono C# compiler version 3.2.8.0
[email protected]:~$

安装成功。